THE two officers shot by a Alexander Edward Lawton could have worn body armour but chose not to.
Tom McGhie, chairman of West Yorkshire Police Federation, confirmed there is enough protective body armour for every single police officer in West Yorkshire, but it is up them whether they wear it.
A 39-year-old male officer from Keighley was shot in the stomach and his colleague, a 43-year-old woman from Bradford, was shot in the leg.
Mr McGhie said the officers were `very lucky to not have been killed' when Lawton - who later turned the gun on himself - fired at them at The Fleece Inn, in Elland Road, Ripponden, on Monday afternoon.
The officers wanted to talk to Lawton about the murder of 20-year-old Zubair Munir, of Thornton Lodge.
"This could have been a lot worse and first and foremost we must send our best wishes to the officers and their families," said Mr McGhie.
"The federation advises all police officers to wear body armour at all times - it really could be the difference between life and death.
"Officers make a decision on whether or not to wear the armour based on intelligence and the type of job they are going on.
"But I think this case clearly proves how unpredictable any job they go on can become.
"I recognise that the armour can be difficult to wear, but the new sort is much better and we would like to see officers wearing them habitually."
Det Supt Paul Kennedy, of the West Yorkshire Homicide and Major Inquiry Team, confirmed that the officers involved did not expect Lawton to be armed.
He said: "The female officer had been in contact with the man and obviously did not consider him a risk.
"The officers acted properly and bravely. They both did their duty extremely well. I have been in touch with them to give them my regards and support.
"Certainly we have been in a state of shock after the incident.
"The morale of the other officers involved in the continuing investigation is not an issue. We have a job to do and we will do it."