COWBOY clamper Christopher Rose has paid the penalty for his violent lifestyle.
The man who caused outrage among Huddersfield's motorists by operating a vindictive wheel- clamping operation is today behind bars.
He has been convicted of assaults, including one on a Huddersfield man who objected to his heavy-handed tactics.
Stephen Ward had remonstrated with burly Rose when his girlfriend had her car seized in the town centre.
Rose, who operated National Parking Control, demanded almost £300 to release Mandy Barwick's car, but attacked Mr Ward when he let him know his views on the matter.
Mr Ward died some months later - although not from the injuries he sustained in the assault.
But the activities of Rose had already sparked a huge outcry in Huddersfield.
And the protests sparked a campaign, led by the Examiner, to challenge the clampers.
Scores of drivers contacted the newspaper to tell horror stories of huge bills served upon them and cars being towed away, often in the dead of night.
And one man, Huddersfield businessman Tim Garbutt, hit the national headlines when he waged a one-man crusade against the clampers.
His determination - coupled with the Examiner campaign and support from Kirklees Labour councillor Mehboob Khan - eventually led to change.
Mr Garbutt won an action in a civil court against Rose to recover his seized car.
He claimed thousands of pounds in compensation.
And the council introduced a voluntary code of conduct to try to ensure the days of the wheel-clamping heavy were over.
Landlords and landowners were urged to carry out rigorous checks on anyone offering clamping services to prevent parking problems.
The clamping companies themselves were urged to abide by a strict code, to ensure that drivers were fully aware of the parking regulations and also treated fairly.
Cowboy clampers all over the country now face tough legislation through the Government's new Security Industry Authority.
That came into being last April with strict licensing rules to protect drivers and landowners equally.
Huddersfield had become the national focus of the clamping row because of Mr Garbutt, who saw his Land Rover Discovery towed away by Rose's firm when he parked for a few minutes to collect his young niece from a dance class.
The vehicle was towed away and Mr Garbutt ended up facing a bill for almost £4,000 after refusing to meet National Parking Control's towing away and storage charges.
But Huddersfield County Court ruled in his favour and ordered Rose and National Parking Control to pay damages of £2,899.44 and costs of £6,508.89.
Mr Garbutt welcomed the court verdict, saying: "Rose was a violent man and certainly not a reasonable man to operate the service he did.
"The people who employed him to check on drivers parking up should have done more checks. Hopefully, the new laws will mean more checks will be carried out."
COWBOY clampers angered hundreds of Huddersfield motorists.
But thanks to the Examiner, their days are numbered.
The newspaper took up the cudgels on behalf of the town's drivers after hearing dozens of horror stories of cars being clamped and towed away and huge fees being demanded.
We got together with Kirklees Council officials and councillors to protest over the actions of the clamping fees - notably National Parking Control, run by Christopher Rose.
The outcome was a voluntary Code of Conduct, which aimed to make parking restrictions fair to both landowners and drivers.
The Examiner campaign and hard work by council officials led to a series of guidelines.
These meant drivers knew the fees they would face if they were clamped and the areas where they could or could not park.
Clamping companies agreed to display prominent notices, warning of the restrictions.
The code was introduced last year as parts of new laws to regulate the whole security industry, including the car clampers, were about to be brought into action.