NINE out of 10 young offenders in West Yorkshire and Greater Manchester have experienced "significant loss in their lives", according to a new survey.
The survey - "On The Case" - was undertaken for the Youth Justice Trust, and found that 92% of young offenders have experienced loss or rejection, through bereavement, family breakdown or the onset of illness in a parent.
The experience of grief, loss or rejection are rarely acknowledged and can lead to behaviour problems, the study found.
Youth Offending Teams believe their own workplace, as well as other agencies, such as schools and social services, need to be more welcoming in dealing with emotional issues.
Richard Smith, manager of Kirklees Youth Offending Team, said: "In simple language and in stark outlines these are the challenges that we face.
"They are: How do we engage with children, young people and the families in a way which will make a difference?"
More than 1,000 young offenders across Greater Manchester and West Yorkshire were interviewed for the survey.